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Powers of Ten Link

 This is from a fellow planetarian:

“I have a powers of 10 screen saver that’s configuarable for manual use
in the classroom.
It was $19.95 when I bought it several years ago, but it’s worth the
investment. :)  http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/index.html    go to screen savers.”

 “I just checked and they’re still there and in business – lots of other
nifty things as well.”

Sharon Shanks
Ward Beecher, Youngstown

https://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/store/software/screensavers/powersoften/index.html

     When you get up in the morning, Hoopa Indian children are told, it is important for you to wait until you get your shadow home.  When you go to sleep at night, part of you – your shadow – takes off…The part that you’ve held down all day; the part that you won’t let live. When you go to bed, your shadow says, “Now is my chance.  I will go out and explore the world that you wouldn’t let me touch all day.” And off it goes.  The shadow has the freedom to go as far away as it wants to, but it has one tie: you have a hum that only your shadow knows.  And it can never disobey you.  So when you get up in the morning, if you remember to hum, your shadow will come back home.  Even though it doesn’t want to.  So when you get up, before you go out, give your own little hum, and your shadow will say, “Oh! I have to go home, ” and it will come home.  And you are never ready for the day until you have taken time to sing the song of your own shadow. 

     Some people say, “I must have gotten up on the wrong side of the bed-I think I’ll go back and start over.”  They’ve forgotten to hum!  Or some people get up at seven and at ten o’clock they’re still saying, “Don’t mind me, I’m not all here.”  They’ve forgotten to hum!  So there is a land of wisdom in remembering to get yourself all here every day.  This is taught to the Hoopa tribal children-not by saying, “When you get up in the morning you must do this!” -but by saying “Hum your song, so your heart and spirit come together.”

                                                                                -Unknown

An Iroquois Indian Bear Tale

Adopted and retold by Susan Reynolds Button from a story told by Ray and John Fadden (Mohawk)

 Long ago, there was a village at the edge of a forest.  Usually the hunters of this village found plenty of game to feed the people for the entire year.  There was a time, however, when they found the food becoming scarce and they had to travel greater and greater distances from the village to find any game at all.

 On one of their hunting trips they came upon some huge tracks of a bear.  These tracks were abnormally big and the hunters understood that this bear must be huge too.  Probably it was the reason there was less and less game, for this bear must have a huge appetite to go along with its size.

 When they returned to their village, the hunters told what they saw.  This caused all of the strong young men to become excited about hunting this stealer of the peoples’ food.  They made preparations for a big hunting party to go after this bear.  They even put on war paint, danced around the central fire and sent smoke prayers to the creator to increase their chances of success.

 Unfortunately this hunting party was unsuccessful.  That bear was so big that the men had no chance against it.  Most men were killed or wounded by one or two mere swipes of that bear’s paws.  The other men ran back to the village to tell their tale of woe.

 No one knew quite what to make of this and much discussion went on but no solutions were found.  One night one of the remaining braves had a dream that he was able to kill that bear.  When he awoke he was astonished to find that two other braves had the exact same dream!  Now, if two had the same dream that could just be a coincidence…but three having the same dream must be a powerful sign from the creator.

 So the three braves set out to make the dream come true.  The first brave had his bow and arrows, the second had a knife and a pot to cook the bear and the third took on the job of gathering wood for the fire they would build under the pot.

 When they came upon the huge bear they were surprised to see it turn and run from them.  That bear ran and ran and so did the hunters.  The first brave was able to shoot that bear just as it ran right off the top of a mountain into the sky (Ursa Major)!  As the hunters began to cut the bear into pieces and put it into the cooking pot, the bear’s blood and fat dripped out of the sky onto the maple trees below and the leaves turned all red and orange and yellow. 

 Well those braves had a great feast and thought they had gotten rid of that bear for good.  But little did they know that they had not really killed the bear, for it was a Spirit Bear.  The Spirit Bear found a sky cave (Corona Borealis) to rest in for the rest of the year until he was strong enough to reassemble himself and come back to the earth.  The hunters must chase and kill him every year and every year he returns. 

 

How Some Bears Got Into the Sky!

(The Greek Story of Ursa Major and Ursa Minor”)

 As retold by – Susan Reynolds Button

Once upon a time there was a beautiful lady named Callisto.  She was also a very kind and helpful lady.  If anyone had a problem she would ask, “Is there anything I can do to help?” Then she would help them if she could.  And she was very generous.  Sometimes she would bake cookies just for fun and share them with her friends and neighbors!

 Everyone loved Callisto, except a wicked Queen named Hera.  This queen was jealous of Callisto’s beauty and kindness. One day Callisto was walking along and all of a sudden Hera jumped in front of her and cast a magic spell on her!  “Abracadabra”, she shouted and changed poor Callisto into a BEAR!

 After that Callisto had to go and live in the woods because that’s where bears live and find their food.  But her little boy Arcas could not go with her for he was not a bear!  So he had to be raised by his father and his grandmother.

 On the day that Arcas turned 10 years old, his father came to him and said, “Arcas, it is time you learned to be a good hunter like me!”  And he gave Arcas a present that he had made with his own two hands.  It was a bow, a bunch of arrows and a quiver to put on his back (you know, so he could carry his arrows in it).

 Arcas practiced and practiced shooting arrows at a target and one-day his dad said he was ready to go hunting.  They went to a meadow nearby and, sure enough, they brought home two rabbits for dinner.  Grandmother made delicious rabbit stew!

 On another day Arcas went hunting by himself but all the rabbits ran into the forest before he could get them.  So Arcas chased them into the woods.  But, to his surprise a BIG BEAR came out from behind a bush and stood on her hind legs with her paws out in front of her and said, “GRRRRRRRR!!”  Arcas was so scared, he notched his arrow in his bow and he was going to SHOOT THAT BEAR!

 Meanwhile, wicked Queen Hera’s husband, King Zeus, was watching what was happening.  He said to himself, “OH NO, that boy is going to shoot his very own MOTHER!”  So he quickly cast a magic spell on Arcas and turned him into a small bear!  When Arcas saw that that other bear was his Mom he ran right over and gave her a great big BEAR HUG!

 King Zeus thought that this was very cute but he was afraid that these bears would be shot by a hunter one day if he left them in the forest so……he grabbed Mama bear by her tail and grabbed small bear by his tail! Then he lifted them over his head, swung them around three times and shot those bears up into the sky!  They turned into STAR BEARS and I can see them there on each clear night!

 If you look in the night sky, toward the North, maybe you can connect the stars and imagine those bears too!

Extension for Older Students:

Queen Hera was very angry that King Zeus not only saved Callisto and Arcus but also gave them an honored place in the sky! So she tried another trick.  She made the end of small bear’s tail attach to the North Star! Now, you know what that means; he is stuck there and cannot move because the North Star does not move.

Little bear started crying and Mama bear soothed him by saying, “Don’t worry son, I will stay near and keep you company all day and all night!” So every night when the stars appear you can find North and see the North Star on the end of Small Bear’s tail and you can watch Big Bear travel in a circle around him to keep him company.

“Lovely, the way the sky works.  The constellations and planets and moons. Enough recurrence to assure us of the probable continuation of the universe, but not so repetitive as to become boring during the limited span we have to watch it all spin around.”

                                                            – Charles Frazier, Thirteen Moons

Day and Night

Lesson Title: Day and Night Target Age: 5-6 year olds

Author:Susan Reynolds Button E-mail: sbuttonq2c@gmail.com
Address:  Quarks to Clusters, 8793 Horseshoe Lane, Chittenango, NY 13037 USA

Phone: 1- 315 – 687- 5371

Concepts:  (Substitute Southern Cross for Southern Hemisphere.)

  • There are differences between the daytime sky and the nighttime sky.
  • The sun is a star.
  • The sun is too bright during the daytime to see other stars but other stars are still in the sky.
  • The North Star is always found in the Northern part of the sky.
  • You can imagine patterns, made with the stars, in the sky.
  • The Little Dipper and the Big Dipper can be found in the sky in the North.

Objectives/ Evaluation Tool:

  • Students will be able to explain what they saw that was different about the daytime and nighttime skies and what was the same.
  • Students will be able to say that the sun is the closest star and because it is so bright it blocks out the other stars in the daytime.
  • Students will be able to describe the daytime apparent motion of the sun (and the moon) by moving their arms in an arc for rising and setting.
  • Students will be able to state that the North Star is found in the North and it looked like it never moved.
  • Students will be able to name some patterns in the sky that can be made out of the stars.

Vocabulary:

Planetarium, Rise, Set, North Star, North, South, East, West, Sun, Moon, Stars

Materials Needed:

Planetarium; Signs (to mark the cardinal directions and signs to mark where the sun and moon rise and set on the horizon)

Lesson Outline:

Introduce yourself and the planetarium: exterior-you can walk around it with them and have them gently touch it to feel the air inside. Interior- tell them where they will go in and what they will see (for instance, it will have lights inside so you can see where you are going).

Go over the rules. Examples: Your job is to Look, listen and learn…notice everything! Sit on the rug, with your legs crossed, not on the plastic of the dome. We will sit in a circle around the machine that will make the stars for us. I will go in first and your teacher last to make sure everyone gets in all right.

Inside: After everyone is settled in the circle, tell the students to, “Look all around and raise your hand if you would like to tell me what you notice.” Go over a few things…the door, the fan tunnel, shadows, the horizon and the zenith. (If you have an auxiliary light for the doorway, ask at this time if it is ok to turn off the auxiliary light. Pick someone to be the “Keeper of the light”…their job is to turn the light off now and on later at the end of the class.) Show the students your special flashlight(s). I show them my laser shining at the zenith, and state that it is the signal for whenever I need quiet, and then I show them a “safe for children” pointer light. I explain that some people will get to use it to point things out during the lesson.

Introduce the projector. (The projector is set for 3AM.) Say, “I woke up before the alarm went off this morning because I was very thirsty. So I got up to get a drink of water at 3 o’clock in the morning! I looked out my window, because I love looking at the sky, and saw the beautiful stars (and the moon if it is there). I would like to show you what I saw. You have my permission to talk softly for one minute about what you notice. Remember, when you see my laser light shine at the zenith that means, “Get quiet now please.” Show them some nighttime with “light pollution”…not completely dark. Never make it completely dark without asking for students’ permission.

Have volunteers point to some things that they noticed (stars, moon, etc.) with the pointer. Talk briefly about each object.

Show them the Big Dipper and how to find the North Star. Count the number of stars in the Dipper(s).

Explain that you went back to bed and as you were sleeping the world turned. Have the students pick something to watch as the world turns. Engage diurnal motion and stop at sunrise. Have the students tell you what they noticed.

Ask students what they do at home when the sun just comes up in the morning. Tell them we call that time “sunrise.” Mark the horizon where the sun is rising.

Let the sun go to the Noon position while one student tracks it with a pointer. While this is happening explain information about the sun: it is a star; it is the closest star and so looks bigger and brighter. Discuss what happened to all the other stars when the sun came up. (Discuss and track the moon too if it is in the sky. Mark where the moon rises or sets, if it does.)

Talk about what Noon means (and what activities occur at Noon) and let the sun go to 2PM and discuss what happened to the sun’s path after Noon. (It is not rising anymore it is setting or is going down.)

Have students make and mark predictions for where the sun will touch the horizon, “sunset.”

Discuss what happens at home when the sun sets. (Eat dinner, go to bed)

Tour the sky again to find the Big Dipper and the North Star. (Surprise the Big Dipper is in a different place but it still points to the North Star, which is still in the North!) Tell a story.

Outline the constellations in your story (i.e. Big Bear, Little Bear. If you have a Starlab you can put the Greco/Roman cylinder on the projector and discuss where the bears are.

Conclusion: have students pick one picture or one star etc. and track it through the night until morning. It can be pointed out that everything appears to move but the North Star.

As the sun rises, have students stand up (rise). Turn off the projector and ask students to review what they learned.

Have students move their arms to show the path of the sun/moon/stars rising and setting. Say it and do it…”The sun rises in the East and sets in the West.” Restate that the North Star stayed in one place.

Thank them for coming; ask if they had a good time; explain how to exit in an orderly way. (Students walk slowly around and follow their teacher out the door.)

TIPS for Success:

  • It is good to have an Auxiliary light in the doorway so that young children do not become afraid to enter the planetarium.
  • Techniques of distracting to positive behavior, praising good behavior and enthusiasm work well to keep Primary level students under control. Some possible statements to use: “I like the way that boy/girl is sitting.” “I am looking for someone who is listening and noticing everything to use my pointer.”
  • At the beginning of the lesson, if the students are too noisy and excited, to get students on track you can say and do the following: “Hands on your head, Hands on your shoulders, Hands on your hips, hands on your lips…no talking, look all around and notice everything.”
  • Then quickly point to a student and say,” Can you tell me what you notice?” or you can say to the class, “Raise one hand if you would like to tell me what you noticed and I will pick someone.” Encourage students to state the obvious.
  • Timing is everything, take advantage of “pregnant pauses” to jump in with the next part of the lesson.

Day and Night Lesson Talking Points (Outline)

  • Discuss what is inside the dome.
  • Introduce projector and then night sky
  • Have students point out some sky objects.
  • Point out the Big Dipper and how to find the North Star.
  • Count the number of stars in the Dipper(s).
  • Engage diurnal motion and stop at sunrise.
  • Have the students tell you what they noticed.
  • Mark the horizon where the sun is rising.
  • Let the sun go to the Noon position while one student tracks it with a pointer.
  • Talk about what Noon means.
  • Let the sun go to 2PM and discuss what happened to the sun’s path after Noon.
  • Have students make and mark predictions for where the sun will touch the horizon, “sunset.”
  • Tour the sky again to find the Big Dipper and the North Star.
  • Tell a story.
  • Put the Greco/Roman cylinder on the projector and discuss where the bears are.
  • Have students pick one picture or one star etc. and track it through the night until morning.
  • As the sun rises, have students stand up (rise).
  • Turn off the projector and ask students to review what they learned.

Bear Story: Callisto, Hera, Arcas, Zeus

How Some Bears Got Into the Sky!

(The Greek Story of Ursa Major and Ursa Minor”)

 

As retold by – Susan Reynolds Button

OCM BOCES Starlab Planetarium

 

Once upon a time there was a beautiful lady named Callisto. She was also a very kind and helpful lady. If anyone had a problem she would ask, “Is there anything I can do to help?” Then she would help them if she could. And she was very generous. Sometimes she would bake cookies just for fun and share them with her friends and neighbors!

Everyone loved Callisto, except a wicked Queen named Hera. This queen was jealous of Callisto’s beauty and kindness. One day Callisto was walking along and all of a sudden Hera jumped in front of her and cast a magic spell on her! “Abracadabra”, she shouted and changed poor Callisto into a BEAR!

After that Callisto had to go and live in the woods because that’s where bears live and find their food. But her little boy Arcas could not go with her for he was not a bear! So he had to be raised by his father and his grandmother.

On the day that Arcas turned 10 years old, his father came to him and said, “Arcas, it is time you learned to be a good hunter like me!” And he gave Arcas a present that he had made with his own two hands. It was a bow, a bunch of arrows and a quiver to put on his back (you know, so he could carry his arrows in it).

Arcas practiced and practiced shooting arrows at a target and one-day his dad said he was ready to go hunting. They went to a meadow nearby and, sure enough, they brought home two rabbits for dinner. Grandmother made delicious rabbit stew!

On another day Arcas went hunting by himself but all the rabbits ran into the forest before he could get them. So Arcas chased them into the woods. But, to his surprise a BIG BEAR came out from behind a bush and stood on her hind legs with her paws out in front of her and said, “GRRRRRRRR!!” Arcas was so scared, he notched his arrow in his bow and he was going to SHOOT THAT BEAR!

Meanwhile, wicked Queen Hera’s husband, King Zeus, was watching what was happening. He said to himself, “OH NO, that boy is going to shoot his very own MOTHER!” So he quickly cast a magic spell on Arcas and turned him into a small bear! When Arcas saw that that other bear was his Mom he ran right over and gave her a great big BEAR HUG!

King Zeus thought that this was very cute but he was afraid that these bears would be shot by a hunter one day if he left them in the forest so……he grabbed Mama bear by her tail and grabbed small bear by his tail! Then he lifted them over his head, swung them around three times and shot those bears up into the sky! (One, two, three!) They turned into STAR BEARS and I can see them there on each clear night!

 If you look in the night sky, toward the North, maybe you can connect the stars and imagine those bears too!

 

Quarks to Clusters Blogging!

I have been looking for a way to post information and materials that would be interesting and helpful to a diverse audience: colleagues, friends and family.

Low and behold, our local YMCA advertised a class called “Making Your Mark: Online Journals and Digital Publishing.” I ran right down to take the class and amazingly enough, my neighbor was the instructor! I learned enough to get started and since he is so near, I can get help pretty easily!

So on the very same day, here I am attempting to put my ideas to work. My goal is to create a fluid place for materials, ideas and discoveries and also a place to archive documents and pictures so that I can point people to various folders on just one site.

I can see that it will take some time for me to understand how to utilize all of the tools and make my blogs interesting. This is very exciting and I will try to be patient!

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